What Is A Bunion ?
It is a disease in which a bony bump is formed on the joint. The bump formed at the base of big toe is called a bunion. Due to the force exerted by the big toe against the next toe, this bunion is formed. As a result, joint of the big toe gets bigger. The skin over the bump may be painful.
Due to the fitted shoes, the bumps are formed. If you continue to wear narrow footwear with bumps, these bumps get even more painful and worse. Some kind of genetic fault can also form these bumps. Medical conditions and stress on feet also become a cause of these bunions. These bumps are not only formed on joints of big toes, but these can also form at the base of little toe.
Causes of Bunion :
If your feet feel much pressure then it leads to the development of bunions. The uneven distribution of bearing and shifting pressures causes the joint of toe nails become unstable. Due to this, the parts of joint take the form of a rigid knob, and this knob bulges out.
Wearing high-heeled, narrow, and tight shoes is not the only reason of the formation of these bumps. According to experts, such shoes only contribute a little to the formation of bumps. There are also many other causes of the formation of these painful bunions. These causes include:
- Inherited foot defect
- Feet injury
- Some kind of deformity
These bunions are linked to arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis. Wearing pointed shoes is also a cause of this disease.
There are different symptoms of these itchy bunions. Some of these symptoms include:
- Appearance of a bump on the joint of the toe nail
- Swelling around the joint of big toe
- Redness around the joint
- Pain around the big toe joints
- Thick skin around the base of big toe
Signs of Disease Bunion :
There are different signs of this disease that can help in identifying the disease from other diseases.
- Development of large bunions
- Development of calluses
- Feeling pain while moving big toe
- Long term pain in big and little toes
Risk Factors :
There are some factors that can trigger the development of bunions. These factors include:
- High Heel Shoes
- Ill-fitting Shoes
A bunion can be looked easily by examining the feet thoroughly. Observing your big toe in motion, it becomes easy for the doctors to diagnose the extent of the disease. Redness and swelling on the toes also helps in diagnosing the disease. Some tests are also performed for diagnosing the disease.
This disease can be verified easily just by examining the feet condition of the patient. For more confirmation, X-ray test is used by most of the doctors. X-ray of the feet is used to know about the severity of the disease. This test gives an accurate confirmation of the disease.
If you feel trouble while moving, you need to visit a doctor. It is better to go to a foot specialist. When you visit a foot specialist make sure that you know the answers of following question:
- When did the problem in your feet start?
- Is there pain in your feet?
- Do you feel trouble while moving?
- Where do you feel pain?
- How much is the pain?
Based upon the answers of these questions, the doctor may recommend the best treatment for you.
For preventing these itchy bumps, you can take the following preventive measures.
- Avoid cramping your toes.
- Keep your toes clean.
- Avoid wearing tight and narrow shoes. Always wear such shoes that have a wide toe.
- Wear such shoe that is conformed to the shape of your foot.
- Avoid wearing pointed or high heel narrow shoes.
Types of Bunions :
There are different types of bumps. The major types of this disease include:
- Tailor’s Bunion – This type of bunion is also called bunionette. This type occurs due to the formation of a bony structure that expands outwards at the base of little toe. The major cause of it is more pressure on little toe due to some kind of inherited deformity. Narrow shoes can aggravate the disease. With shoe padding, a patient gets relief.
- Acute Bunions – In this type of bunion, formation of bony masses takes place. These bony masses cause severe pain. This type of disease occurs due to high heel narrow shoes that cause constant inflammation. As a result of this constant inflammation, skin around the toe is hardened into a bony mass.
- Hallux Valgus – This type of bunion is painless. It causes bones to become inflexible. The disease causes loss of feet power. This type of bump occurs due to the ill-fitting shoes mostly. Ill fitting shoes cause misalignment of the toes. For the treatment, bunion surgery is performed.
These bumps do not cause too many problems for the sufferer. Some of the complications originated from this disease include:
- Bursitis – Due to the inflammation of the fluid filled muscles and bones softening sacs, this itchy condition occurs.
- Hammertoe – The unnatural defect or a bend occurs in the central joint of toe next to big toe. It causes trouble and pressure.
Home Remedies :
To get some relief from bunions, you should follow these home remedies.
- Avoid applying a medicated pad on bony bumps.
- You should also apply ice packs to these itchy bunions. This practice helps in reducing the swelling and pain.
- Always go for wearing comfortable and soft shoes with wide toe.
- Do not wear high heel shoes.
According to the severity of the disease, there are different suitable treatments.
Nonsurgical Treatments Include :
- Replace you high heel narrow and pointed shoes with wide toe comfortable shoes.
- Padding and tapping a foot can also help in getting relief from the pain. Through this, pressure on a bump is also reduced.
- Different medicines are also available that help us in getting rid of the pain of the bunion. Mostly cortisone injections are used by the doctors.
- With shoe inserts, pressure is distributed evenly. These shoe inserts prevent a bunion from getting worse. Shoe inserts also provide some relief from pain.
- Application of ice on these bumps can also help in reducing the pain and swelling.
Surgical Options :
In addition to non surgical methods, a lot of surgical methods are also used for the treatment of the disease. These methods include:
- Cutting out the tissue from the joint that is swollen
- Cutting out of these bumps
- By realigning the bone of alignment
- Linking up the bones of diseased joints
It is possible to walk even if you have bunions. It takes months in getting rid of the disease completely. Always wear soft and wide shoes to avoid the disease. Surgery is not a recommended treatment option.
When to Seek Medical Care?
No medical treatment is often required for treating these bumps. You should consult your health care advisor if
- You feel pain in big toe
- There is a bump on the joint of your toe
- You feel restricted while moving your feet
- Cannot find suitable shoes to wear because of these bumps