What is PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease)?
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease refers to an infection in the female reproductive organs. This is a disease which is transmitted during the sexual intercourse. This is a serious and potentially dangerous disease. The damage caused by this disease may turn out to be a long term problem. Sometimes it becomes impossible to get rid of the complications. Uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes and other parts of the reproductive system are damaged by this disease. This disease is the major cause of infertility in women. Moe than one million women in the US suffer from this disease, each year. More than 100,000 women become infertile due to PID. The rate of this disease is more evident in the teenagers.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Causes :
It is the cervix, which naturally prevents bacteria from entering into the vagina and saves the reproductive system in women. The problem starts when the cervix is exposed to a sexually transmitted disease, such as gonorrhea. Such diseases infect the cervix. It weakens the ability of the cervix to prevent the germs from entering into the vagina. The PID germs travel from the vagina and reach the upper genital tract. If the sexually transmitted diseases are not treated properly, 90% of them result in PID. Abortion, childbirth and pelvic procedures also include in the major causes of PID.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Symptoms :
- Tenderness in the stomach and lower abdomen. There might be some pain in the right upper abdomen as well.
- Yellow or green vaginal discharge. It features a strange odor different from the usual.
- High fever is also a symptom of PID.
- Nausea and vomiting
- There is some pain while having sex.
Major signs of PID are untreated gonorrhea and Chlamydia. Abnormal cervical discharge and tenderness of the cervix also include in the signs of PID. The unfamiliar odor of the discharged liquid signifies PID. Normally the discharge features light green or yellow colors.
Doctors examine the pelvic and vaginal discharge on the initial stages. The urine test is also done in order to find some symptoms of PD. Normally the doctor uses a cotton swab in order to get the samples from the vagina and cervix. In order to confirm the disease and find the degree of the inflammation, some other tests are also done. Ultrasound of the vagina and reproductive system is done in most of the cases of PID. The doctor might opt for the endometrial biopsy in order to examine a piece of the uterine lining. Laparoscopy is performed as well in order to view the pelvic organs.
In order to diagnose the problem, the patient might have to go for the blood test. The blood test can reveal the signs of the PID infection. The doctor needs to know about the complete information of the patient’s medical history. The patient should openly tell the doctor about the previous sexually transmitted disease. Do not hesitate to share everything with the doctor so that the doctor is able to diagnose the disease properly. This is a serious and threatening disease, and you need to be honest with yourself.
This infection neither does nor last for a long period of time. But the problem is that it gives rise to other complications. The treatment at the early stage is vital In order to prevent the damage to the whole system of reproduction. Care should be taken regarding the sexual or physical relationship. This problem is evident in the women with multiple partners. Initially the infection remains on the lower tract but with the passage of time it reaches the fallopian tubes, which is a dangerous situation.
- Use condoms during the sex to keep it safe. Try to limit the number of partners. You must ask about the sexual history of your partner before sharing his bed.
- Openly talk to your doctor about contraception because it is a major reason of pelvic infections.
- The birth control pill offers some resistance against the PID. It thickens the carnival mucus and it becomes difficult for bacteria to enter the reproductive system.
- Avoid douching because it disturbs the balance of bacteria in the vagina.
Different types of PID are as follows:
- Bacterial : They include vaginitis and syphilis. These types are caused by bacteria.
- Viral : Genital herpes and Genital warts are the viral infections.
The major complication involves the scarring inside the reproductive organs. It leads to the chronic pelvic pain and ectopic pregnancy. PID infection may cause the formation of a tissue on the external surface of the liver. It leads to the infertility which can be treated later on.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Home Remedies :
The patient must clean and wash the area from the front and the back right after the urination. Keep it clean and do not use anything unhygienic. Ask your partner to go for the tests as well. Avoid developing a physical relationship with someone who is not open to you. You should ask about the sexual history of your partner. Doctors prescribe some antibiotics right after the diagnosis of PID. Avoid the physical activities during the treatment in order to keep away from the sexual intercourse.
In order to treat the PID during the initial stages or a mild attack, the doctors usually prescribe some antibiotics. You need to visit the doctor every fourth or fifth day. In some cases, if the infection is severe, you might be admitted to the hospital for intensive care. If the treatment is left without the completion of the course, the infection might reoccur after the next sexual intercourse. If the infection is turned into pus, then there is a need of surgery. It is a simple surgery and it is effective in order to remove the complications. In some cases the doctor might suggest the removal of uterus or ovaries. But this is done as the last resort.
Risk Factors :
The risk factors regarding the PID infection are :
- Sexual activity and intercourse before the age of 25
- Multiple sex partners
- Having sex with someone who has more than one partners
- Regular douching