What Is Cellulitis ?
Cellulitis is a disease that starts in the form of swollen and red areas on the skin. With time, the disease spreads at a rapid rate. It is indeed a form of bacterial infection. With the time, the swollen areas on the skin become severe. The disease mostly affects the areas around the lower legs. However, the disease can also affect any part of the body. Tissues under the skin are also affected by this disease. Even blood stream is also attacked by the disease. If the disease is left untreated, it becomes worse and life threatening by the time. Therefore, immediate reaction is required always.
Causes of Cellulitis :
Cellulitis disease is indeed a form of bacterial infection. When a bacterium attacks our skin through some crack, we are caught by this disease. The bacteria that cause this disease include staphylococcus and streptococcus. Staphylococcus infections are wide spread and increasing. Any part of our body can be affected by this disease. The disease mostly affects the areas around our lower leg. The bacteria mostly enter through ruptures in our skin. These bacteria are also transmitted by some insects and mites. The bacteria mostly attack flaky and swollen skin.
Symptoms of Cellulitis :
- Redness on the affected area
- Swelling around affected area of the skin
- Feeling pain in red areas of skin
- Feeling warmth
The conditions of the skin keep on changing. With time, the red swollen areas continue to expand. Different spots become visible on the top of these red areas. The disease can also form blisters on the affected areas of the skin.
Signs of Cellulitis :
Cellulitis begins with the formation of different red areas on the skin. With time, these swollen red areas expand. Blisters on these affected areas show the severity of this disease. A patient also feels pain and warmth.
This disease needs to be diagnosed early as with the severe, side effects become worse and the disease keep on affecting other parts of our body. You are not required to go through any specific tests for the purpose of diagnosing the disease. The disease can be diagnosed easily by examining the skin visually. Nature of blisters of the skin helps in determining the stage of this disease. According to the nature of the disease, a skin specialist can recommend the best treatment.
There are no specific tests for diagnosing this disease. Doctors may recommend a blood test in some cases. With the help of wound culture, lumps of bloods are ruled out from the veins of the legs of the patient. The symptoms of this disease in lower legs are similar to clotting.
Different people respond to antibiotics in different ways. When the disease spreads through the blood stream, the patient is caught by some sort of serious illness. Surgery may be required for treating some sorts of this disease. In rare cases, this disease can also be a serious threat to our life.
- You should always keep your skin clean.
- Have an eye on the changes in the conditions of your skin.
- Avoid skin injuries and skin swelling.
- Avoid walking barefooted and also avoid wearing ill-fitting shoes.
- Properly wash and cover the injuries on your skin.
- Always keep your skin moisturized using a good moisturizer.
- Always cover your feet and hands with gloves.
- Take an immediate action in case of any kind of skin infection.
Cellulitis mostly affects hands, feet, arms, and legs. There are different types of this disease. If the disease affects our hands, legs, arms, and feet then this type of disease is named as Cellulitis of the extremities. There are also some other types of this disease. These types include:
- Postseptal Cellulitis
- Preseptal Cellulitis
- Facial Cellulitis
- Breast Cellulitis
- Perianal Cellulitis
Risk Factors :
The most common risk factors that can trigger this disease include:
- Skin Injury – Any kind of injury on your skin makes you more susceptible to this disease as bacteria make their way through these injuries in the skin.
- Weak Immune System – A person with weak immune system is also caught easily by this disease. With a weak immune system, the white cells of the body cannot fight against the bacterial infections.
- Swelling on the Skin – The tissues of our skin that are swollen crack easily. Thus, if you have swollen and dry skin, you have more chances of being affected by this infection.
- History – If you have already experienced this disease, you have more chances of being attacked by this disease again.
- Obesity – People with overweight have more chances of developing this disease.
These red swollen areas of the skin can lead to the more serious kind of infections in the layers of the skin. When bacteria get a way of attacking the tissues of inner cells, the disease spreads at a rapid rate. Even the bacteria make their way in bloodstream and lymph nodes also. Lymphatic drainage system of the body is also affected by the disease due to which swelling occurs. This infection can even penetrate into deep layers of our skin. This situation leads to an emergency situation.
Home Remedies :
- Use tea tree oil as it is rich in anti inflammatory properties. Use of this oil helps in treating the disease.
- There are fatting acids in coconut oil. Thus, the use of coconut oil helps in fighting against the bacteria.
- You can also use turmeric as it has antibiotic properties.
- Use of manuka honey is the best treatment for controlling the skin infections of such kind.
Cellulitis is usually treated with oral antibiotics. You are required to use antibiotics for two weeks. Within a few days, symptoms of the disease remain no more. If this does not happen, you should hospitalize and should take antibiotics regularly. Drugs are also recommended by the doctors to fight against the infections. Do not use any antibiotic or a drug without the prescription of a doctor. In some cases, the affected area of the skin is elevated for quick recovery.