Cancerous Moles is also named as Melanoma which is a type of severe skin cancer. This disease is produced in the Melanocytes cells which produce a pigment due to which our skin gets a specific color. These moles can form anywhere on the body, i.e. in the eyes, and in internal body organs. The actual reason of the disease has not been found yet. It has been reported that sunlight exposure, and ultraviolet radiations from tanning lamps cause this disease. The disease is more common in the people under 40 which is most commonly seen in women and its should be treated immediately
Causes of Cancerous Moles
The disease is caused by the Melanocytes cells. The development of the cells of our skin takes place in a controlled way. New cells take the place of the older cells. Older cells fall off slowly with the time. But due to some kind of DNA damage, uncontrolled growth of new cells takes place. As a result, a mass of cancerous cells is formed.
The cause of DNA damage and this disease is not clear. It is considered that there are many genetic and environmental factors that cause this disease. According to the doctors, this disease is caused by the exposure to the ultraviolet radiation. Other factors may contribute to your risk of melanoma. Only the UV rays are not responsible for this disease.
Cancerous moles can develop anywhere on our body. The areas that are exposed to UV rays have these moles mostly. Moles can be seen mostly on neck, legs, face, and arms. These may also develop on any other body organ. Even these moles can also develop in fingernail beds. These are known as hidden moles. People with dark skin have these hidden moles mostly.
Some of the symptoms of this disease include:
- Alteration in the mole that exists already
- Some type of unusual growth on the skin
The disease may appear in the form of normal skin other than moles on the skin.
Appearance of moles in black and brown color mostly is the major indication of this disease. Changing pattern of the moles is also another sign of these cancerous moles. The cancerous moles keep on changing their pattern. Most of these moles have an irregular shape. So, as soon as a patient notices these clear signs of cancerous moles, he needs to take an action at once.
These cancerous moles can be observed easily simply by observing the skin. Skin biopsy is a recommended option for diagnosing the disease. A part of mole is observed under microscope in this diagnosing method.
The following biopsy tests are used for the confirmation of disease.
- Punch Biopsy – In this method, a part of suspicious mole is pressed and then removed using a blade. This part is then observed under microscope for further tests.
- Excisional Biopsy – In this method, instead of a part of a mole, whole of the mole is cut out along with skin with a blade for performing further tests.
- Incisional Biopsy – In this biopsy, the part of a mole that seems to be irregular is removed only for analysis. According to the skin condition, one of these methods of skin biopsy is performed. Punch biopsy is mostly used by the doctors. In case of failure of other methods of biopsy, incisional biopsy is performed.
This dangerous disease spreads in different stages. As soon as you notice the unusual changes in your skin or you observe the symptoms mentioned above, you need to visit a doctor. Depending upon the stage of the disease and the type of the moles, the disease can be better controlled with proper kind of treatment.
There are different preventive measures that can be taken for preventing the disease.
- Avoid Sun Exposure – The sun rays are very strong between 10am to 4pm. Therefore, you need to avoid prolonged stay in sun during these hours. Clouds protect us from these rays. Being outside in cloudy weather has no harm. Prolonged sun exposure leads to skin cancer.
- Wear Sunscreen – Sunscreens do not have the potential of blocking harmful UV radiation. These sunscreens give us an overall protection from the sun. So, always wear sunscreen while going outside in sun. The sunscreen should have a sun protection factor 15.
- Protective Clothing – Cover up your skin properly with some cloth when you are outside in the sun. Cloths in dark colors give better protection from the sun as compared to the sunscreens. Also wear such sunglasses that can block UVA and UVB radiations.
- Avoid Tanning Beds – You should stay away from tanning beds as through these tanning beds UV radiations are emitted.
- Examining Your Skin – You should also examine your skin daily with consideration. If you observe any unnatural growth, you should consult a doctor.
These cancerous moles are of two types.
- Normal Moles – These moles have a uniform color. There exists a distinctive border between the mole and normal skin. The size of a normal mole is about 6mm. These are round or oval in shape. These moles can develop at any stage of life.
- Hidden Moles – These moles develop in areas with no sun exposure. These moles can be on palms, on scalps, or in eyes even. That is why; these are named as hidden moles.
- Bleeding from uterine wall
- Itchy feelings
- Threat to life
- Difficulty in eating properly
- Difficulty in communication
- Uterus infections
Home Remedies :
- Stay away from the sun
- Keep yourself protected and covered
- Use sunscreen.
There are different stages of this disease. Depending upon the skin condition and stage, a treatment is recommended by the doctor. Overall health of the patient and personal preferences are also kept in mind in this regard.
- Treatment of Early-stage Melanomas – In early stage, cancerous moles are removed using surgery. Even biopsy can be used to remove the thin moles. Else, skin surgery is performed by the specialist for treating these early stage moles.
Treating Spread Melanomas :
For the treatment of spread moles following treatment methods can be used.
- Surgery – If a mole spreads to the lymph nodes then the affected nodes are removed by surgery.
- Chemotherapy – In this method, drugs are used. These drugs destroy the cancerous cells. These drugs can be injected. These are also available in the form of a pill. In isolated limb perfusion, these drugs are given in legs or arms veins.
- Radiation Therapy – In this method, energy beams of very high power are used. Usually X rays are used. These high energy rays kill the cancer cells. Even after the surgery, this therapy is required for the removal of lymph nodes.
- Biological Therapy – Through this therapy, immune system of our body is boosted to make it enable to fight against cancerous cells. The substances used are either produced by body or these are produced in the laboratory. The drugs used also have a number of side effects.
- Targeted Therapy – In this method, specific drugs are used to target specific cancer cells. Depending upon the cells, these medications are recommended.
When to Seek Medical Care?
When you observe any skin change you should go to a skin specialist. Immediate action is required if
- You are having moles in irregular shape on your face
- Moles on the skin have irregular borders
- Moles change their color
- Moles bleed
- You feel itching on moles
- The diameter of the mole in more than 6mm.